The "Vatican Rooms" were Pope Giulio II’s apartments (1503-1513).
Raffaello Sanzio (1483-1520), who has complete license from Giulio II, painted the rooms in the following sequence:
STANZA (room) DELLA SEGNATURA 1508-1511
Here are depicted the three Neoplatonic categories: the Truth, the Good, the Beauty. The supernatural Truth is represented by the "Disputa del Santissimo Sacramento", the rational Truth is represented by the "Scuola di Atene", the Good is represented by the "Virtù" and by the "Legge", the Beauty is depicted in the "Parnaso".
ELIODORO ROOM 1511-1514
Here are depicted: the "Messa di Bolsena", the "Cacciata di Eliodoro", the "Liberazione di San Pietro dal Carcere".
BORGO’S FIRE ROOM 1514-1517
Here are depicted: Borgo’s fire, Pope Leone III oath, Carlo Magno coronation, Ostia battle, Pope Leone IV against Saracens.
COSTANTINO’S ROOM 1517-1524
The room was painted in main part by Raphael’s disciples since the master suddenly died in 6 april 1520. His disciples Giulio Romano and Francesco Penni painted the "Battesimo di Costantino”, the “Apparizione della Croce a Costantino", the "Battaglia di Ponte Milvio". The ceiling by Tommaso Laureti, represents the "Trionfo del Cristianesimo".
The construction of the "LOGGE" began in 1508 by Bramante, and when he died (1514) Raphael continued the work.
As a proof of the conflict beetwen Raphael and Michelangelo, Raphael opposed to Michelangelo the same subjects painted by this one in the “Genesi” inside the Sistina chapel.
The frescoes in the first and third floor were painted by Giovanni da Udine, Giulio Romano e Perin del Vaga.