The museum was created by Pope Clemente XIV (1769-1774) and Pio VI (1775-1799), to keep the Greek and the Roman masterpices of the Vatican.
APOXYOMENOS’ PRIVATE ROOM
Was a Roman copy from Lisippo (320 b.C.) stays.
Among the most famous statues:
Apollo del Belvedere
Roman copy (II century a.C.) from Leochares (330-320 b.C.)
Gruppo del Laocoonte
Roman copy (I century a.C.) from Hagesandros, Athanadoros e Polydoros (II century b.C.)
Perseus with the head of Medusa
By Antonio Canova (1800-1801)
Close to the courtyard:
Which keeps statues of animals of Roman age.
Which shows precious roman statues as:
Showing portraits of Roman emperors
MASKS PRIVATE ROOM
Showing the unforgettable Venere Cnidia, roman copy from Prassitele
Which keeps statues of Muses and poets.
In the center of the room stands the famous “Torso del Belvedere”, by the Athenian sculptor Apollonio (I century b.C.).
In the center of the room there is a big round basin, coming from the Nero’s Domus Aurea. In the same room the gilded bronze Ercole (II century b.C) is very impressive.
GREEK CROSS ROOM,
Showing very actractive a mosaic of the III century a.D. and two enormous sarcophagus depicting Sant’Elena (IV century a.D.), Costantino’s mother (306-337), and Costantina, Costantino’s daughter.